Explore different heating techniques in interior spaces

Explore different heating techniques in interior spaces

Explore different heating techniques in interior spaces,
One of the most beautiful projects is those built in the mountains. The rustic cabin is covered by a floor-to-ceiling glass panel and overlooks snow-covered trees.
Visually, the architecture exudes an enchanting feel, but is it truly a habitable space? When homes are built at an altitude of 3,000 metres, installing a fire element alone is not effective or sustainable.
Spaces at these specific heights or geographical locations require careful treatment, starting with the architecture itself.
Whether through hydronic floor heating systems or wall-mounted chimneys, this interior focus explores how harsher winter conditions don’t stand in the way of ensuring optimum thermal comfort.
Architects often encounter residential and commercial projects in cold climates, generating many solutions for how to provide adequate and continuous heating throughout the interior space.
However, several factors come to mind: environmental awareness, functionality, durability, adaptability, customization, and cost efficiency.
Will the space meet the client’s changing needs? Will the heating solution cost more than the building itself? Will the solution also work if the climate gets colder/warmer?
In general, there are two main functions to consider: providing heat and/or insulating it (while they often go hand in hand,
Some customers choose only one of the two options depending on their location and needs).
When it comes to providing heat, natural sources such as chimneys or electrical sources such as radiators are often used.
On the other hand, thermal insulation requires work on the structure itself, from the choice of materials and thickness of the walls to the internal distribution and design of the room.
Explore different heating techniques in interior spaces

Temple walls

Today, architects are gradually becoming aware of the relationship between architecture, humans and nature, which has led to the use of passive systems in their design processes.
Although effective passive systems depend largely on the project location, many factors, such as building materials, opacity-to-glazing ratio, heat reflection ratio, and insulation level, also contribute.
When the architecture is self-contained, the building envelope no longer only acts as a filter between the external climate and the internal environment, but rather as an independent barrier that secures the temperature inside and ensures thermal comfort.
Explore different heating techniques in interior spaces
Heated floors
Radiant floor heating, as described in this article, has been used in architecture since 350 BC in the form of “Hypocaust”.
It is a raised floor system on ceramic piles with a kiln at one end that supplies heat to the underground space through perforated brick walls.
However, modern underfloor heating works through air conduction, radiation and convection, using electrical resistors or thin fluid-filled hoses.
Among the many benefits of warm floors is the fact that the environment is completely warm and the heat source is completely hidden under the floor surface.
Explore different heating techniques in interior spaces

Central system

One of the most common heat sources for large-scale contemporary projects is the central heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system, which releases heat through air vents in ceilings and walls.
Although common, these mechanical systems tend to be very energy intensive, which is not optimal for an environmentally friendly solution.
Explore different heating techniques in interior spaces

Radiators

Another commonly used system is the radiator, a large amount of residential developments around the world used to rely on central radiators to provide heat, and still do to this day.
Similar to a central HVAC system, radiators work by transporting fluid from the central boiler through pipes, converting it into heat,
To be released through metal grills or panels located in the lower parts of the walls.
This type of heating system can be powered by electricity, natural gas, or fuel, depending on the design.