Different types of bricks and their uses of clay and concrete,
The term brick is often used as a synonym for the common clay blocks, but there is more to it than that.
Brick is perhaps the simplest building material and can be used to design modular, enhanced, and most importantly, multi-use buildings.
This article explores the most popular types of bricks according to their use in construction.
Early civilizations first adopted the use of bricks as an alternative to building in areas where there were no large trees to provide wood for shelter.
The most common clay bricks today are made from soft clay and are fired to make them durable.
Ceramic bricks originated in the Middle East, South Asia, and Europe and were the basis for building important structures such as the ancient Indus Valley cities in Pakistan.
With the Industrial Revolution and Britain’s imperial century, clay brick became the main building material, not only in the United Kingdom but throughout the world.
There are many different types of bricks depending on their materials and methods of formation. Here are the four most common types:
Traditionally, fired clay bricks are the most common type, made from soft clay and then fired in a kiln.
Since clay is a natural raw material obtained from the soil, the color of bricks can vary depending on the location where they are manufactured.
These bricks can be solid, hollow, and thin, and can be used for several purposes in construction, such as structure and cladding.
Concrete bricks, on the other hand, are made from a mixture of cement, sand, aggregate, additives and water, and are usually used as structural building blocks.
It is tested to ensure the necessary properties, but can also be used for wall veneer.
Along with ceramic brick, it is also one of the most popular materials in construction today.
Foamed concrete, also known as cellular concrete, has a different production method, resulting in bricks with special building properties.
A mixture of water, cement, lime and aluminum powder creates an aerated material that provides excellent sound insulation and improved thermal efficiency.
Also, because they are very lightweight, construction loads are reduced, and it is possible to save money and materials on the structure, for example.
The construction industry is always looking for new environmentally friendly materials in terms of production, for example, eco-brick, also known as modular brick,
It is a building unit made from a mixture of cement, soil and water. It is more efficient and less polluting because it is compressed manually, or by hydraulic pressure, which makes the kiln burning process unnecessary.
Besides materials and production methods, it is also important to understand the purpose of different types of bricks in a building.
In traditional beam-and-column structural systems, brick can be used as a veneer, while in structural masonry buildings, load-bearing brick walls can serve as the building envelope and shell.
Bricks can also be used as decorative elements or as cladding.
In this case, the bricks are used only as a fence for the building, not as a structure. It is important to pay attention to the thermal and acoustic properties of this material.
Sometimes walls need to be insulated before bricks are added, but in some cases, it is possible to take advantage of the properties of the material, such as the high thermal mass of solid clay bricks, for example.
Structural construction plays both parts, the building envelope and the structure, which makes the construction very efficient, which is a great advantage.
For this purpose, it is important to note the characteristics of each material as well as the size of the bricks to ensure a good adjustment of the project.